Sinusitis Inflammation: Alarming or Deniable

s-m-shahnawaz-rashid

Breathing the compulsory for any life! But the organs take the air and filter it; yes this is nose and other respiratory organs. What if, when you get to know that you have a chronic sinusitis disease and because of that disease a silent killer disease growing up inside of you which called Meningitis, how do you feel then? Yes, I’m talking about sinusitis inflammation. Do we know what sinusitis is? What about sinuses?  Do we really know about the difference between the sinus and sinusitis!
Well, the sinuses are small cavities which are air-filled spaces inside the cheekbones and in forehead. They produce some mucus which drains into the nose through small channels, where as sinusitis is an inflammation of the tissue which is lining the sinuses. Sinus tissues get inflamed with the support of allergies. Healthy sinuses are filled with air but when they affected and become blocked with fluid then germs are allowed to grow and cause an infection. Sinus blockage can cause with the presence of common cold, allergic rhinitis and nasal polyps.

Okay, now how do you get conformed that you are affected by this disease? Well, the common symptom is that the nose becomes stuffy with pain or pressure in several areas around the face. Commonly it causes pain in the forehead or between the eyes. Ear pain, Aching in your upper jaw and teeth, Cough that might worsen at night, Sore throat, Bad breath (halitosis), Nausea, fatigue, trouble with sense of smell or taste, sore throat, bad breath, headache, pain when you bend forward, and fever also visible in this case. When you will go outside in a sunny day or the weather if dull then this forehead pain can get raised.
According to the types of sinusitis and the recovery time it is classified in different types. They are acute, sub acute, chronic and recurrent sinusitis. Acute sinusitis is often caused by the common cold, which is a mild infection caused by a virus. It usually lasts for 2-4 weeks. Sub acute sinus inflammation is kind of inflammation and these are usually last 4-12 weeks and the chronic sinus inflammation is usually lasts for 12 weeks or longer. However it can be caused by nasal polyps, viral or bacterial attack. Inflammation of the sinuses which lasts for more than 3 months is known as chronic sinusitis. Bacteria form their colony in blocked sinuses, but they aren’t the only cause but allergies, polyps, immune system problems, and dental diseases may also be to blame.

After knowing that you have sinusitis inflammation, then what should you do? When should you go to your physician? Actually, in the majority of cases, sinusitis will resolve itself without treatment. Many patients find some home therapy those provide relief. Some medication and some good habit can give you the soothing effect on your sinus pain. They are-

  • Steam inhalation,breathing steam from a bowl containing hot water – not boiling. You can add some drop of menthol in it. This sometimes gives patients some relief but this treatment has not been scientifically proven. Standing or sitting in a very steamy shower may sometimes provide the same soothing effect.
  • Nasal Irrigation,this is also known as a kind of sinus irrigation, sinus rinse, or sinus lavage. It is another in home procedure that involves a salt water rinse to clear the nasal passages.
  • Warm compress, applying a warm compress gently to the affected areas of the face can relieve sometimes.
  • Sleeping with the head raised, prop up pillows so that the head is little bit higher than it usually is; this may reduce the amount of pressure around the sinuses and reduce discomfort and pain.
  • Painkillers, painkillers can sometimes improve the fever but should be used carefully.
  • Decongestant tablets, these may reduce swelling and help the sinuses to drain.
  • Decongestant sprays, same effect as the tablets but patients should not use them for more than 1 week. The risk of making the blockage worse rises if the decongestant sprays are used for prolonged periods.

If none of these home remedies work after about a week, the individual should consult with a doctor. If you have a simple sinus infection then your doctor may recommend you to use a decongestant and saline nasal washes. You shouldn’t use an over-the-counter (OTC) decongestant more than 3 days, because it can make you more congested. If your doctor gives you antibiotics, you should take them for 10 to 14 days (suggested by the doctor). The symptoms usually disappear with proper treatment. The doctor may decide the sinusitis has been caused by a bacterial infection and prescribe appropriate antibiotics. Be careful; don’t let your sinusitis disease turns into chronic sinusitis inflammation. Don’t ignore your disease at initial stage. In such a case surgery may be applicable.  Now, one question may arise that; is there any way to prevent sinusitis disease? Okay, the answer is “NO”. But you can do these things that will help:-

  • Try to keep your sinuses moist. Use saline sprays, nasal lubricant sprays, or nasal irrigation often.
  • Avoid very dry indoor environments and dust.
  • Avoid exposure to irritants, such as cigarette smoke or strong chemical odors.
  • Use musk.
  • Avoid allergic food and very cold items.

If you don’t take any step at initial stage of sinusitis then this sinus can lead you to some fetal disease. Those are- Meningitis, Osteomyelitis, Partial or complete loss of sense of smell, Vision problems, Brain abscess.

           This is your life! You got the chance to live it well. Love your life and be Careful about your disease. Treat your disease in time. Don’t let your disease to take your life!

S.M. Shahnawaz Rashid is a student at Department of Pharmacy University of Asia Pacific, Bangladesh. He is interested in public health and recent health issues. He is a student correspondent at Association of Life Science and Engineering Writers (ALSEW). He can be reached at ss.shakil03.ss@gmail.com

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