Model Pharmacy: A new era for health in Bangladesh

Md.Mizanur rahman

Today community pharmacists are playing an important role in any country as they take responsibilities of patients’ medicine related needs to assure a better healthcare. Most community pharmacists in the country still can hardly offer patient‐oriented service. The role of pharmacists in the community as well as their medicine management may change in the pattern of the rapid growth of domestic medicine use and national healthcare expenditure. In most countries regulatory authorities govern how dispensaries may operate, with specific requirements for storage conditions, equipment and record keeping. For these purpose Bangladesh Government would be established this service and the drug control agency of government is working for stopping fake drug sales in Bangladesh.

Model  pharmacy is a Community-based pharmacists who  responsibilities include: checking and dispensing of prescription drugs, providing advice on drug selection and usage to doctors and other health professionals and counseling patients in health promotion, disease prevention and the proper use of medicines. England has 11,400 community pharmacy.

Last 22 December 2016,33model pharmacies has been established such as Lazz pharma at Dhanmondi, Biomate at Green Road, Safabi pharma,Islam pharma at Gulshan-2,Al-Madina at Gulshan-1,Tamanna pharmace and Prescription aid at Banani and others in Sylhet.Gradually this service has been reached in all districts that Health Ministry  has informed. Model pharmacy is one of the greatest achievements of present government in Bangladesh. On the other it creates the new job opportunity for graduate pharmacists and non- graduate pharmacists.




The new name of service for health is model pharmacy.In this model pharmacy should have A-grade,B-grade and two C- grade registered pharmacists besides 600 squaress area and proper temperature for keeping medicine.The roof of this building should have proper distance and the temperature of the frezz should be right beside the prescription service desk. On the other hand this model pharmacy should have separate corner for pharmaceutical products and none pharmaceutical peoducts and instruments. Model pharmacies will be allowed to stock and sell all non prescription(OTC 39) medicine registered by DGDA. It shall be maintained  a record of all medicine dispensed in a register approved by DGDA .For each prescription dispensed a record shall be made as follows:

1.Serial  Number of entry,

2.Date of sale,

3.Name/code number snd address of the prescriber,

4.Name of the Patient and condition for which the prescription was written.

5.Name of the drug preparation and the quantity of suppliant.

The model pharmacy should maintain automated system to preserve all suppliers receipts and invoice for prescription and non-prescription medicines and store all hard copies of the same supplier invoices and receipts on the premises for non less than two years. A purchase record book shall be kept, which shall minimally include.

A patient are getting extraordinary service in model pharmacy. An (A- Grade) Pharmacists are counselling about the fitness and diseases of the patient and he is informing the patient about the adverse effects, side effects and also tell how to take medicine. This is the first time,this service has been started in our country.

Maj Gen Md Mustafizur Rahman, Director General of the Directorate General of Drug Administration (DGDA), said that they had made a policy for the pilot initiative of creating model pharmacy.

“We hope to cover at least 150 ‘A grade’ pharmacies and 2000 ‘B grade’ pharmacies by this year,” he said at a press briefing at the DGDA.

Those pharmacies will sell drugs obeying with all standards comprising appointment of graduate pharmacists. They will also brief customers about the drugs they sell. It’ll be a public-private partnership.

“If successful, we’ll spread the model pharmacy across Bangladesh gradually.” He later added.

Earlier on August 8, the HC High Court has ordered 20 pharmaceutical companies to stop production of all drugs manufactured by them and asked 14 others not to manufacture antibiotics.

At last we can say that the unemployment problem will be removed and the service of the health will also be improved in our country by continuing this project.

Md. Mijanur Rahaman is a graduate pharmacist in Bangladesh and he has completed his graduation under department of pharmacy, Southeast University. He is a running student at East West University in department of Pharmacy. He can be reached at mijansajib94@gmail.com

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