One of the most deadly diseases among the South Asian women is Breast cancer. It must be stressed that every single breast cancer patient will has unique scenario. If the breast cancer are diagnosed and treated before metastasis, the outlook will almost always be highly positive.
According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), Breast cancer is globally the most common cancer type seen in women and also the one that causes most deaths occurring in disease. One of every four women with cancer has Breast Cancer. The incidence of Breast Cancer globally was reported was 25.2% and the mortality rate was 14.7%.
Breast cancer is not just a disease that strikes at women; rather it strikes at the very heart of who we are as women: how others perceive us, how we perceive ourselves, how we live, work and raise our families or whether we do these things at all.
Basically breast Cancer is an uncontrolled growth of breast cells. Usually Breast Cancer either begins in the cells of the lobules, which are known as the milk-producing glands, or the ducts, the passages that drain milk from the lobules to the nipple. Less commonly, Breast Cancer can begin in the stromal tissues. This devastating disease mainly caused by a genetic abnormality.
Breast Cancer is not the same for all women but here are some factors that may contribute to a woman’s chance of developing the disease.
Unchangeable risk factor can be aging, family history of breast cancer, gender, genetic risk factors, menstrual periods personal history of breast cancer, previous chest radiation therapy and race.
Lifestyle related risk factor- alcohol, hormone replacement therapy, not having children, obesity and high-fat diets, no breastfeeding and smoking.
There is a proverb that “A feel a day keeps the doctor away”. The most common symptom of Breast Cancer is the feeling the presence of a lump or an area of thickened tissue over the breast. Among the lumps nearly 90% are benign or not cancerous but all lumps and abnormalities need to be checked before moving forward to cancer.
It is not necessary to claim a patient must die after the cancer; rather still there can be some hopes of life. The most important prerequisite is early detection. Initially diagnosed breast cancer brings the chance of surviving from the disease. There are also more choices for treatment when Breast Cancer is detected early.
We may never understand illnesses such as cancer. In fact, we may never able cure it, but an ounce of prevention is worth more than a million pounds of cure. Breast Cancer prevention starts with healthy habits, which include- healthy diet, limit alcohol drinking, stop smoking, controlling weight, physical activity, breast-feeding, limiting dose and duration of hormone therapy, avoiding exposure to radiation and environmental pollution, etc.
Breast Cancer remains the leading cancer type among the global female population with 1.35 million new cases in every year. However, this incident rate growing up day to day due to unawareness of the people, lack of confidence about medical treatment, improper screening, maltreatment and lack of motivation to go for Institutional treatment and management. Furthermore, because of poor socio-economic infrastructure and atmosphere which loom large for the social stigma and instilment of fear among the patient, they keep themselves aloof from taking treatment of the patient with cancer.
In Bangladesh, the rate of Breast Cancer occurrence is estimated to be 22 per 100,000 females of all ages, compared to 125 per 100,000 females worldwide. For Bangladeshi women aged between 15-44 years, Breast Cancer has the highest rate of occurrence 20 per 100,000, compared to any other type of cancer.
Every woman needs to know the facts. And the fact is, when it’s a matter of life threatening breast cancer, every woman is at risk. Thus, early diagnosis of Breast Cancer is crucial in terms of prolonging the lifetime and effective treatment of the disease.
Aboni Nasir is a graduate pharmacist. She has completed her gradation under department of pharmacy of East West University. She has interest on public health and recent health issues. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
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