‘Importance of Memorialization in response to the aftermath of Bangladesh Liberation War 1971’

Mustak Ahmed Shimul

Memorialization, in general, refers to the method of conserving memories of people and incident. Memorialization is an ideal opportunity for us to show our appreciation for those who were prepared to sacrifice their lives for their country. Memorialization is used to honor the victims of human rights abuses and it ensures transitional justice. The importance of memorialization in post conflict society is necessary. Within this global context, remembering is a way to continue the struggle against forces of bigotry, dogmatism, hatred, and violence. Memorialization is an ongoing process, one of learning that can open up many narratives and should have room for many personal perspectives.

The history of memorialization in Bangladesh begins from the Language Movement in 1952 and finally get motion in the climactic event of Liberation War in 1971, through which Bangladesh was liberated.Rayerbazaar Boddhobhumi was fabricated to memorialize the death of many of the countries shrewd intellectuals, who were killed by the Pakistani military services. The Memorial was planned by designer Farid Uddin Ahmed and architect Zami Al Shafi. National Martyrs’ Memorial located at Savar, symbolizes the heroism of the martyrs who dedicated their lives for the liberation of Bangladesh.

Memorialization also includes Roads, e.g. Bir Uttam Shaheed Khaza Nizam Uddin Bhuiyan. Trophy, e.g. Birshreshto Matiur Rahman trophy named after Birshreshto Matiur Rahman is awarded for the top-grade Individual Research Paper of Air Wing in Defense Services Command and Staff College. Museum, e.g. Liberation War Museum. Books e.g. Shahzaman Mozumder’s The Guerrilla: A Personal Memorandum of 1971. We have a couple of books written by participating fighter. These books are also the part of memorialization.

Memorialization process is going on in different countries. The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum is a museum in the capital of Cambodia, put down the Cambodian genocide. In Rwanda, there are eight killing memorials which containing the memories of Genocide war of 1994.

Only memorialization is not the means to conserving the memories rather its uses in practical life can play an indispensable role. Publicity of memorialization by the institution is extremely essential. A basal component for successful memorialization is the collaboration between the authorities, citizens and civil society, especially representatives of those directly affected by past events. Memorialization processes should be centered on the victims and designed to empower them.

Mustak Ahmed Shimul is a student of  Department of Law, South-East University. He can be reached at shimulahmed52@gmail.com.

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