Artificial Intelligence: A Beginning of a New Era

Shahriar-Alam

Though human brains have amazing abilities, the limitation is of its slow processing power leads us to use computers for faster performance. Since the invention of computers or machines, their capability to perform various tasks went on growing vastly. We have developed the power of computer systems in terms of their diverse working domains, their increasing speed, and reducing size with time. A branch of Computer Science named Artificial Intelligence pursues creating the computers or machines as intelligent as human beings.

In 1956 John McCarty first used the word “Artificial Intelligence”. He is renowned as the father of Artificial Intelligence. According to him it is “The science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs”. Artificial Intelligence is a way to make computers or robots or a software think intelligently or more humanly.  It is accomplished by understanding how a human brain works, how human thinks, how they decide and find a solution of the problem. The development of AI started with the intention of creating similar intelligence in machines that we find and regard high in humans.

Artificial Intelligence is a science which is based on Computer science, Biology, Psychology, Linguistics, Mathematics, and Engineering.

In the real world, the knowledge has some unexpected properties. Its volume is more than desired, next to unimaginable and not well-organized or well-formatted. Also It keeps changing constantly. By Artificial Intelligence or AI Technique is a manner to organize and use the knowledge efficiently in such a way that, it should be perceivable by the people who provide it. Also easily modifiable to correct errors and useful in many situations though it is incomplete or inaccurate. AI techniques elevate the speed of execution of the complex program it is equipped with. The goal is to achieve a system which is self-evolving. A system which learn, shows intelligent behavior, explain and advice to its user like a human think, understand, learn and behave.

Now a days AI have been dominating in various fields. In gaming it plays a crucial role. In strategic games such as chess, poker , tic-tac-toe, etc., where machine can think of large number of possible positions based on heuristic knowledge. By the help of AI, we can now interact with the computer that understands natural language spoken by humans which is known as Natural Language processing. Putting AI in some applications which integrate machine, software, and special information to impart reasoning and advising. They provide explanation and advice to the users. Vision systems understand, interpreted as well as comprehend visual input on the computer. For example, spying aero plane takes photographs which are used to figure out spatial information or map of the areas. Then again Doctors use clinical expert system to diagnose the patient. Also Police use computer software that can recognize the face of criminal with the stored portrait made by forensic artist. Some intelligent systems are capable of hearing and comprehending the language in terms of sentences and their meanings while a human talks to it. It can handle different accents, slang words, noise in the background, change in human’s noise due to cold, etc. These Intelligent systems are developed by AI. The handwriting recognition software reads the written text on paper by a pen or can be on screen by a stylus. It can recognize the shapes of the letters and convert it into editable text. Robots are able to perform the tasks given by a human. They have sensors to detect physical data from the existing world such as invisible senses like light, temperature, movement, sound and pressure. They have efficient processors, multiple sensors and large memory to exhibit intelligence. In addition, they are able to learn from their mistakes and they can adapt to the new environment. Also another miracle of Artificial Intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence is making a big revolution in the history of human kind. Now a day most of the biggest IT company is using AI to assist in their research and developments. They are integrating AI to mobile devices and also to the daily technological devices. This will make our daily like more easy and comfortable. Google has developed their own AI. Also the Google app ‘Alo’ has a built in integrated AI. So we can see the AI is nothing but the future of computer science. With the Artificial Intelligence, we now achieve the things that once was unimaginable. So we should try to make this part of science much rich as possible.

Shahriar Alam is a student of Department of Computer Science & Engineering at East West University, Bangladesh.  He can be reached at s.shaown08@gmail.com

 

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